Wawasan Volume XXVII – 1 Bernardus Crisanto Putra Mbulu

PERBANDINGAN PRODUKSI HIDROGEN DARI CAMPURAN MINYAK JAGUNG DAN MINYAK KANOLA DENGAN AIR MENGGUNAKAN PRINSIP HYDROGEN REFORMER

Bernardus Crisanto Putra Mbulu1*, Yosep Ardi Ang Susanto2, Marcelino Andriano Diaz3

1Jurusan Teknik Mesin – Fakultas Teknik – Universitas Katolik Widya Karya

2Jurusan Teknik Mesin – Fakultas Teknik – Universitas Katolik Widya Karya

3Jurusan Teknik Mesin – Fakultas Teknik – Universitas Katolik Widya Karya

Penulis Korespondensi, email: chris_bernardo666@widyakarya.ac.id

ABSTRACT

Alternative fuel through the principle of hydrogen formation using hydrogen reformer is a reaction process between steam-type reactants, with catalyst and heating. To determine the ratio of hydrogen production yields from a mixture of corn and water and canola and water oils, the reactants were passed through a copper catalyst with a 33.3% porosity at 350 oC heating temperature. The product of the reactant reaction out of the outlet pipe is then fired and the combustion flame is drawn to reveal the extent of the blue flame color using the Autocad application, and subsequently accommodated in the container to know its hydrogen productivity using the MQ-8 sensor. From the results of the calculation of the color and detection of hydrogen sensors, it is known that from the mixture of corn oil with water, the fire area of ​​blue is equal to 81,9 % with the average of hydrogen production and the production rate of 4141,843 ppm and 9.682 ppm/sec, while the mixture of canola oil with a broad water color of 40,4 % and average hydrogen production and production rate is 3417.24 ppm and 8.244 ppm/sec. Production of hydrogen from a mixture of corn and water oil has a greater result because the content of saturated fatty acids from corn oil is greater than canola oil, where the more saturated fatty acids the hydrogen atoms bond will be more and more.Kata kunci: Catalyst, Hydrogen Sensor, Porosity, Production Rate

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PERBANDINGAN PRODUKSI HIDROGEN DARI CAMPURANMINYAK JAGUNG DAN MINYAK KANOLA DENGAN AIR MENGGUNAKAN PRINSIP HYDROGEN REFORMER